How are bedsores treated?
Dressing the wound regularly: Covering the wound with medicated gauze or other special dressings acts as a barrier against infection. Following a healthy (nutritious) diet: Good nutrition involving a high-protein diet and lots of vitamin C-rich fruits and vegetables promotes rapid wound healing.
You can clean stage one ulcers with mild soap and water and cover with a moisture-barrier lotion. More advanced bedsores may require medical care. Your care team may clean the wound with saline and cover it with a special bandage. If a wound becomes infected, you may need to take antibiotics.
But the following are helpful overall strategies: Relieve the pressure: This might involve using foam pads or pillows to prop up affected areas, changing the body’s position. Clean the wound: Gently wash very minor sores with water and mild soap. Clean open sores with a saline solution with each change of dressing.
Bedsore stages and symptoms Stage 1: The area of skin is discolored and warm to the touch. It may be red on seniors with lighter skin, or purplish-blue on seniors with darker skin. Older adults may also complain of itching or burning. Stage 1 bedsores will often disappear with regular repositioning and pressure relief.
Clean open sores with water or a saltwater (saline) solution each time the dressing is changed. Putting on a bandage. A bandage speeds healing by keeping the wound moist. It also creates a barrier against infection and keeps skin around it dry.
Infections in the bone and joint areas can move around the body easily, causing a full body infection, which can be fatal. Bed sores themselves are not fatal. It is the negligence and delayed treatment of bed sores that lead to serious infections, which in turn cause the ultimate death of a patient.
How to Prevent Bed Sores in Elderly Loved Ones
Keep the sore covered with a special dressing. This protects against infection and helps keep the sore moist so it can heal. Talk with your provider about what type of dressing to use. Depending on the size and stage of the sore, you may use a film, gauze, gel, foam, or other type of dressing.
Because DuoDerm essentially creates a moisture barrier, they should not be used on people with infected bed sores. Under normal circumstances, wounds covered with DuoDerm are likely to develop a strong odor after several days.
Here are some tips that will help people with bedridden elderly people at home.
Amoxicillin-potassium clavulanate is a naturally occurring beta-lactam structurally similar to the penicillin nucleus. This antibiotic group of beta-lactam/beta-lactamase combination has demonstrated a broad-spectrum activity; therefore, it is frequently used for the treatment of infected pressure ulcers.
Results showed that topical zinc oxide had increased wound healing, increased reepithelialization, decreased rates of infection and decreased rates of deterioration of ulcers. Topical zinc oxide has shown to improve the rate of wound healing in patients, regardless of their zinc status.
The main cause of bedsores among seniors is nursing home neglect. Elders are at a higher risk of bedsores if they cannot easily move on their own. Bedsores typically develop when someone cannot reposition their body over a long period of time. Without movement, the skin loses blood flow and eventually decays.
At stage 2, the skin breaks open, wears away, or forms an ulcer, which is usually tender and painful. The sore expands into deeper layers of the skin. It can look like a scrape (abrasion), blister, or a shallow crater in the skin. Sometimes this stage looks like a blister filled with clear fluid.
Symptoms: The sore looks like a crater and may have a bad odor. It may show signs of infection: red edges, pus, odor, heat, and/or drainage. The tissue in or around the sore is black if it has died.