How to Prevent Bed Sores in Elderly Loved Ones
Try to keep the affected area from touching a hard surface which may send it to Stage III or IV. If the pressure sore, for example, is on the buttocks of the elderly person, put a soft barrier between the area and the bed. This is where the egg crate mattress comes in handy.
Bedsores are caused by pressure against the skin that limits blood flow to the skin. Limited movement can make skin vulnerable to damage and lead to development of bedsores .
Baby powder will heal the sores faster . Baby powder makes the area dry and in turn prevents infection from spreading. It is important to keep the sores dry as it heals faster . Clean the affected areas with a disinfectant and then sprinkle baby powder to completely cover the wound.
Skin care in hospital Keep your skin clean and dry. Avoid any products that dry out your skin. Use a water-based moisturiser daily. Check your skin every day or ask for help if you are concerned. If you are at risk of pressure sores , a nurse will change your position often, including during the night.
Changing a patient’s position in bed every 2 hours helps keep blood flowing. This helps the skin stay healthy and prevents bedsores . Turning a patient is a good time to check the skin for redness and sores .
How are bedsores treated ? Removing pressure on the affected area. Protecting the wound with medicated gauze or other special dressings. Keeping the wound clean. Ensuring good nutrition. Removing the damaged, infected, or dead tissue (debridement) Transplanting healthy skin to the wound area (skin grafts)
You may know pressure sores by their more common name: bed sores . They happen when you lie or sit in one position too long and the weight of your body against the surface of the bed or chair cuts off blood supply. You might get them if you ‘re on bed rest or in a wheelchair.
These include: alginate dressings – these are made from seaweed and contain sodium and calcium, which are known to speed up the healing process. hydrocolloid dressings – contain a gel that encourages the growth of new skin cells in the ulcer, while keeping the surrounding healthy skin dry.
They can damage the skin. Keep the sore covered with a special dressing. This protects against infection and helps keep the sore moist so it can heal. Talk with your provider about what type of dressing to use.
Apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly ( Vaseline ®) and then cover with a soft gauze dressing. Be sure to keep urine and stool away from affected areas.
Expensive high-tech air mattresses are only marginally better at preventing pressure sores and ulcers than a specialist foam mattress , according to the results of a major study.
Turning Patients Over in Bed Cross arms. Put the bed rail and head of the bed down; adjust the top of the bed to waist- or hip-level. Cross the patient’s arms on his or her chest; bend the leg farther away from you. Turn the patient . Put one hand behind the patient’s far shoulder. Put your other hand behind the patient’s hip.
Cleaning and dressing wounds Cleaning. If the affected skin isn’t broken, wash it with a gentle cleanser and pat dry. Clean open sores with water or a saltwater (saline) solution each time the dressing is changed. Putting on a bandage. A bandage speeds healing by keeping the wound moist.