We found that lower-income elderly consume significantly fewer calories than higher-income elderly, fewer servings of major Food Guide Pyramid food groups, and most nutrients. Approximately 6% of elderly households report some degree of food insecurity.
Low income is associated with a poor quality dietary intake [1, 2]. Compared to those with higher income, lower income individuals consume fewer fruits and vegetables, more sugar-sweetened beverages and have lower overall diet quality [1, 2].
It is found that elderly with low income levels have poorer functional capability, lower physical activity and poorer psychological well -being whereas social contact and social activities show no relationship with income.
Families with low income generally eat a less nutritious diet than those with a higher income, either because they cannot afford enough food or because they eat foods that are nutritionally poor.
Factors contributing to malnutrition
The impact of food poverty Poorer people are more likely to be living with obesity , and/or to suffer from type 2 diabetes or heart disease, and are more likely to have other diet-related health conditions.
In the short term, poor nutrition can contribute to stress, tiredness and our capacity to work, and over time, it can contribute to the risk of developing some illnesses and other health problems such as: being overweight or obese. tooth decay. high blood pressure.
When someone is living in poverty, it is possible that there will be some deficiencies in preventative care. A lack of resources could lead to delaying medical treatment, which also impacts the expediency of the diagnosis and treatment options. This could exacerbate a chronic condition, or cause complications later.
Higher income and social status are linked to improved health status. These two factors may be the most important determinants of health. The greater the gap between the richest and the poorest people in an area, the greater the disparities in their health.
people aged 80 and older lived in poverty, compared with poverty rates of 9.2% among individuals aged 75-79, 7.4% among those aged 70-74, and 8.4% among those aged 65-69. Among individuals aged 65 and older, poverty rates were also high among never-married men at 18.6%.
Low-income families have high awareness of healthy diets but can’ t afford good quality food. Low-income families have a high awareness of healthy diets but can’t afford good quality and nutritious food, new research shows.
Low-income households may face higher food prices for three reasons: (1) on average, low-income households may spend less in supermarkets– which typically offer the lowest prices and greatest range of brands, package sizes, and quality choices; (2) low-income households are less likely to live in suburban locations
The good news is that many of the factors that affect an older person’s nutrition don’t have to impact health and longevity.
What Are the Factors Affecting Nutrition in the Elderly
Some of the most important factors are: