Pneumonia, an infection of the lungs, kills more than 50,000 Americans a year, the majority of whom are 65 or older. Pneumonia attacks air sacs in the lungs, causing them to become inflamed and sometimes filled with fluid.Dec 18, 2018
Pneumonia in the elderly happens fast and the prognosis is poor, and elderly are susceptible to severe Pneumonia. The mortality rate for severe pneumonia is as high as 20%. The principal cause of the death is respiratory insufficiency.Author:
Wei Li, Cheng Ding, Shaojun YinCited by:
Risks of dying from pneumonia . Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be fatal. It causes the air sacs in the lungs to become inflamed and to fill with pus and fluid.
Complications of pneumonia in elderly adults Older adults are at risk for complications of pneumonia , including: Bacteremia, a potentially fatal infection that enters the bloodstream from the lungs and can spread to other organs. Pleurisy, an inflammation of the membrane that covers the lungs (pleura).
While an individual that develops pneumonia typically needs seven to 10 days to recover, the time for a senior with pneumonia may be much longer if at all. There is a high rate of mortality with pneumonia in the elderly. As much as 30 percent of individuals that are treated in a hospital for pneumonia die from it.
The most common physical symptoms in the final stages are: feeling more severely out of breath . reducing lung function making breathing harder. having frequent flare-ups. finding it difficult to maintain a healthy body weight. feeling more anxious and depressed.
How to tell if death is near Decreasing appetite . Share on Pinterest A decreased appetite may be a sign that death is near. Sleeping more. Becoming less social. Changing vital signs. Changing toilet habits. Weakening muscles. Dropping body temperature . Experiencing confusion .
Pneumonia in the elderly happens fast and the prognosis is poor, and elderly are susceptible to severe Pneumonia . The mortality rate for severe pneumonia is as high as 20% . The principal cause of the death is respiratory insufficiency .
When you have pneumonia , the tiny air sacs in your lungs become inflamed and can fill with fluid or even pus. Pneumonia can range from a mild to serious or life-threatening infection and can sometimes lead to death .
How to Treat Pneumonia in Seniors Rest. Your body is able to fight off germs when you get adequate sleep. Hydration. Keeping your body well hydrated can prevent the build-up of mucus in the lungs. Follow doctor’s orders. A doctor may prescribe antibiotics if the pneumonia is caused by bacteria.
There are four stages of pneumonia , which are consolidation, red hepatization, grey hepatization and resolution.
Recently, the effectiveness of rehabilitative management including physical, pulmonary, and dysphagia rehabilitation for aspiration pneumonia was reported. Several studies showed that early rehabilitation was associated with reduced mortality and early hospital discharge after aspiration pneumonia .
Most cases of pneumonia can be treated at home. However, babies, children, and people with severe pneumonia may need to be admitted to hospital for treatment. Pneumonia is usually treated with antibiotics, even if viral pneumonia is suspected as there may be a degree of bacterial infection as well.
See your doctor to rule out pneumonia if shortness of breath , cough, or chest congestion also develop. Seek emergency care at a Dignity Health ER or urgent care clinic for the following symptoms: Bluish color of the lips or fingernails. Confusion or lethargy.
Dyspnea (66 %) and pain (31 %) were the most common symptoms recorded. Opioids were prescribed to 71 % of the patients during the last week before death .
Rapid, shallow breathing. Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough. Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue.