Causes of Pneumonia in Elderly People Pneumonia is caused by exposure to germs, most often bacteria or a virus. People of all ages come into contact with the organisms that cause pneumonia , but that contact results in pneumonia more often and in a more aggressive form in seniors .
While an individual that develops pneumonia typically needs seven to 10 days to recover, the time for a senior with pneumonia may be much longer if at all. There is a high rate of mortality with pneumonia in the elderly. As much as 30 percent of individuals that are treated in a hospital for pneumonia die from it.
Pneumonia in the elderly happens fast and the prognosis is poor, and elderly are susceptible to severe Pneumonia . The mortality rate for severe pneumonia is as high as 20% . The principal cause of the death is respiratory insufficiency .
Bacteria. The most common type of bacterial pneumonia is called pneumococcal pneumonia . Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae germ that normally lives in the upper respiratory tract.
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be serious in older adults . In the U.S., nearly 250,000 people are hospitalized with pneumonia each year, and about 50,000 die from the disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Seniors are at high risk for complications and death.
The most common physical symptoms in the final stages are: feeling more severely out of breath . reducing lung function making breathing harder. having frequent flare-ups. finding it difficult to maintain a healthy body weight. feeling more anxious and depressed.
Risks of dying from pneumonia . Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be fatal. It causes the air sacs in the lungs to become inflamed and to fill with pus and fluid. Different types of pneumonia affect its seriousness.
There are four stages of pneumonia , which are consolidation, red hepatization, grey hepatization and resolution.
Confusion and/or delirium are red-flag signs of pneumonia in elderly people as well as lower-than-normal body temperatures. Other signs, which can sometimes be confused with a cold and the flu, include: Chest pain during breathing or coughing. Feeling tired or weak.
This can lead to a rapid decline in condition. Most people do eventually recover from pneumonia . However, the 30-day mortality rate is 5 to 10 percent of hospitalized patients. It can be up to 30 percent in those admitted to intensive care.
Recovering from pneumonia
|1 week||your fever should be gone|
|4 weeks||your chest will feel better and you’ll produce less mucus|
|6 weeks||you’ll cough less and find it easier to breathe|
|3 months||most of your symptoms should be gone, though you may still feel tired|
|6 months||you should feel back to normal|
Ways to clear the lungs Steam therapy. Steam therapy, or steam inhalation, involves inhaling water vapor to open the airways and help the lungs drain mucus. Controlled coughing. Drain mucus from the lungs. Exercise. Green tea . Anti-inflammatory foods. Chest percussion.
How is walking pneumonia treated? Macrolide antibiotics : Macrolide drugs are the preferred treatment for children and adults. Fluoroquinolones : These drugs include ciprofloxacin (Cipro®) and levofloxacin ( Levaquin ®). Tetracyclines: This group includes doxycycline and tetracycline.
Other ways to prevent pneumonia include: Wash your hands and cover your cough. After 6 months of age, get your flu shot every year. If you’re over 65, get your pneumonia shots. If you have a baby or toddler, make sure he or she gets all vaccines on schedule.