The Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) issued new blood pressure guidelines for seniors in 2014 recommending that individuals over age 60 aim for a reading below 150/90 mmHg. The JNC 8 recommendation for patients of any age with diabetes or chronic kidney disease is to aim for BP readings below 140/90 mmHg.
Aside from high blood pressure , obesity is linked to many other health issues such as high cholesterol, heart disease and stroke, all of which have links to high blood pressure . Diabetes is often linked to obesity and is also a contributor to the development of high blood pressure in elderly people .
Elderly Blood Pressure Range for Men and Women
|Blood Pressure Category for Adults 65+||Systolic mm Hg||Diastolic mm Hg|
|Low blood pressure||90 or lower||60 or lower|
|Normal blood pressure||Lower than 120||Lower than 80|
|Elevated blood pressure||120 – 129||Lower than 80|
|High blood pressure stage 1||130 – 139||80 – 89|
When treating hypertension in patients over the age of 85 years, the usual target blood pressure is 150/80 mmHg for reduction of the risk of stroke, heart attack , and other cardiovascular events.
As a general guide: high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher (or 150/90mmHg or higher if you’re over the age of 80) ideal blood pressure is usually considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.
A hypertensive crisis is a severe increase in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke. Extremely high blood pressure — a top number (systolic pressure) of 180 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher or a bottom number (diastolic pressure) of 120 mm Hg or higher — can damage blood vessels.
Your blood pressure is considered high (stage 1) if it reads 140/90. Stage 2 high blood pressure is 160 / 100 or higher. If you get a blood pressure reading of 180/110 or higher more than once, seek medical treatment right away. A reading this high is considered “hypertensive crisis.”
According to the American Heart Association, when blood pressure levels increase severely and reach measurements of 180/110 or greater, you should seek immediate medical attention.
If your blood pressure is elevated to 180/120 or higher and you ARE experiencing warning symptoms ( chest pain /upper back pain, shortness of breath, severe headache, dizziness, numbness/weakness, loss of vision, or difficulty speaking) then do not wait to recheck your blood pressure and instead you should go immediately
Advertisement Lose extra pounds and watch your waistline. Blood pressure often increases as weight increases. Exercise regularly. Eat a healthy diet. Reduce sodium in your diet. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Quit smoking. Cut back on caffeine. Reduce your stress.
Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ARBs are considered the alternative first-line treatment for hypertension in the elderly population when a diuretic is contraindicated. In elderly hypertensive patients with diabetes or HF, ARBs are considered first-line treatment and an alternative to ACE inhibitors .
The researchers concluded that, for adults aged 80 years or older, intensively controlling systolic blood pressure to less than 120 mmHg lowers the risk of heart attacks, stroke, death, and mild cognitive impairment, but increases the risk of declines in kidney function.
7 Drinks for Lowering Blood Pressure Tomato juice . Growing evidence suggests that drinking one glass of tomato juice per day may promote heart health. Beet juice . Prune juice . Pomegranate juice . Berry juice . Skim milk . Tea .