The dropped head syndrome (DHS) is a disabling condition caused by severe weakness of the neck extensor muscles causing progressive reducible kyphosis of the cervical spine and the inability to hold the head up. Weakness can occur in isolation or in association with a generalized neuromuscular disorder.
Symptoms can improve in some cases. It is most often treated conservatively. At Humpal Physical Therapy & Sports Medicine Centers, our Physical Therapy treatment of Dropped Head Syndrome is mainly supportive. The weakness remains localized to the neck extensor muscles, and Physical Therapy may help with this.
Neurological conditions Cervical spondylosis: Age-related changes to the cushioning spinal disks in the neck can cause cervical spondylosis. This puts extra pressure on nerves, resulting in muscle weakness . Guillain-Barré syndrome: This rare neurological disorder can cause mild-to-severe muscle weakness .
At the most obvious level, the purpose of the muscles and ligaments of the neck is to support and move the head. The suboccipitals , splenius, and semispinalis muscles extend and rotate the head. The trapezius functions largely as a scapula muscle but, when forcibly and chronically contracted, will pull the head back.
There are many different possible causes of a head that feels heavy . These range from mild conditions like a headache or sinus infection, to more serious conditions like a concussion or brain tumor. Most often, a head that feels heavy isn’t serious.
Tension headaches are common for people that struggle with severe anxiety or anxiety disorders. Tension headaches can be described as a heavy head , migraine, head pressure, or feeling like there is a tight band wrapped around their head . These headaches are due to a tightening of the neck and scalp muscles.
In ALS the initial symptoms are usually localised to the limbs or bulbar muscles. Neck and trunk muscle weakness is observed as the first symptom in 2% of patients with ALS 11 and neck flexion weakness is typically seen8; neck extensor muscle weakness with head drop has been reported in a few patients.
Forward head posture can be caused by: Too much time at the computer. Too much time driving. Carrying a heavy backpack. Sleeping with your head too elevated—for example, too many pillows, or with your head propped against the armrest of a sofa.
If you suddenly feel weak , shaky , or lightheaded—or if you even faint—you could be experiencing hypoglycemia. A headache that comes on quickly, weakness or tremor in your arms or legs, and a slight trembling of your body are also signs that your blood sugar is too low.
A slipped vertebrae, herniated disc, arthritis or spinal stenosis can put pressure on those nerves and arteries, interfering with blood flow and nerve signals in other areas. This reduced blood flow or confused nerve signals can make your hands, arms and legs feel weak .
Heart failure is a common condition , affecting approximately 5 million people in the United States. People with heart failure are encouraged to exercise and lose weight. However, many people with heart failure develop weakness in their leg muscles, which can make exercise difficult.
One of the most effective postural exercises for combating neck pain is the chin tuck exercise. This exercise helps strengthen the muscles that pull the head back into alignment over the shoulders (upper thoracic extensors) and also stretches the scalene and suboccipital muscles .
Neck Strain Definition and Facts Neck strains can be caused by sitting too long and looking down. Neck strain is an injury to the muscles and tendons that support and move the head and neck.
The major muscle that laterally flexes and rotates the head is the sternocleidomastoid . In addition, both muscles working together are the flexors of the head.