The appearance of the face and neck typically changes with age. Your skin also dries out and the underlying layer of fat shrinks so that your face no longer has a plump, smooth surface. To some extent, wrinkles cannot be avoided. However, sun exposure and cigarette smoking are likely to make them develop more quickly.
Shrinking can occur with normal aging, as pressure on the spine, as it holds us upright, impacts the discs between vertebrae. These fluid-filled discs, which ordinarily provide protection and mobility, become flattened, causing a shrinking of the space between spinal joints.
First, as we age, the discs between our vertebrates lose fluid, so they flatten a bit and your vertebrates “simply come together, so your spine is actually shrinking a little bit,” Raj explains.
Cervical spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear affecting the spinal disks in your neck. As the disks dehydrate and shrink, signs of osteoarthritis develop, including bony projections along the edges of bones (bone spurs). Cervical spondylosis is very common and worsens with age.
As we get older, laxity in the neck occurs due to a loss of support from connective tissue and muscle. This leads to what we commonly call a “waddle” or “turkey neck” and looks like loose skin under our chin. The appearance of sagging skin on the neck can affect everyone.
“Older adults can get shorter because the cartilage between their joints gets worn out and osteoporosis causes the spinal column to become shorter,” he says. “Adults can also lose lean muscle mass but gain fat. Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and fracture, which can also cause a person to become shorter.
The seven signs of ageing
Height loss is related to aging changes in the bones, muscles, and joints. People typically lose almost one-half inch (about 1 centimeter) every 10 years after age 40. Height loss is even more rapid after age 70. You may lose a total of 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.5 centimeters) in height as you age.
There’s no feasible way to make yourself shorter intentionally. The long bones that make up your arms and legs stay relatively the same length your entire life. Most of the age-related height loss you’ll experience comes from compression of the discs between your vertebrae.
“Actually, contrary to what many people think, it’s not your bones that cause you to get shorter,” said Scott Albright, MD, orthopedic surgeon. “Typically, the discs between the vertebra of the spine lose fluid as we age. The discs get smaller, your spine shrinks, and that’s what causes the loss of height.”
Neck Osteoarthritis Symptoms
“A lot of people are under the misconception that losing height is normal,” Dr. Abelson says. “Certainly losing a half-inch or three quarters of an inch may be normal, but I’ve seen patients who say they’ve lost two, three, or four inches in height, and they thought that was a natural consequence of aging.
Cervical spondylosis is a degeneration – or breakdown – of the spine and disks in your neck. It is a general term for the situation that occurs in your neck area. It is an arthritis of the joints (the spaces) between the vertebrae in the neck. Spondylitis is inflammation of one or more vertebrae.
Loss of muscle tone and thinning skin gives the face a flabby or drooping appearance. In some people, sagging jowls may create the look of a double chin. Your skin also dries out and the underlying layer of fat shrinks so that your face no longer has a plump, smooth surface. To some extent, wrinkles cannot be avoided.
The connective tissue supporting nasal cartilage weakens as you age, causing the tip of the nose to droop. This can also cause the sides of the nose to collapse inward, making it harder to breathe. The nose can appear bigger and wider as you age as the surrounding areas of the face shrink in volume.
When your skin is dehydrated, your complexion can look dull, tired and just ‘meh’ overall. Dehydrated skin is also less equipped to repair itself regardless of skin tone. Dehydrated skin can also experience flaking and break-outs at the same time, as your skin will overproduce oil to make up for the lack of water.