Older adults appear to have the capacity to control sideways instability, but do so with inappropriate timing. Our results suggest that sideways falls among older adults during forward stepping reactions may be caused by a delay in either detecting or responding to lateral instability arising after foot-contact.
Several factors contribute to senior falls. Why Do Elderly People Fall?
Falling becomes a cause for concern when someone who suffered an earlier head injury notices a sudden change in how they feel. For example, a head injury that leads to constant headaches might be more serious than they thought if a person feels sudden sharp headache pain where there was none before.
What are some causes of falls? The normal changes of aging, like poor eyesight or poor hearing, can make you more likely to fall. Illnesses and physical conditions can affect your strength and balance. Poor lighting or throw rugs in your home can make you more likely to trip or slip.
Falls can be classified into three types:
A fall can be a sign of a new and serious medical problem that needs treatment. For instance, an older person can be weakened and fall because of illnesses such as dehydration, or a serious urinary tract infection.
Falls are more likely to occur as you get older. With age and inactivity, the unconscious processes your brain goes through to help you balance may not integrate as well or as quickly as they used to – in other words, your cognitive abilities decline.
According to Cheng, “An 80 year old often can’t tolerate and recover from trauma like a 20 year old.” Cheng’s team found that approximately 4.5 percent of elderly patients (70 years and above) died following a ground-level fall, compared to 1.5 percent of non-elderly patients.
A fall as a warning sign A fall might be the first sign of a new or worsening health condition. New, and often temporary, health conditions that can cause falls include: constipation. infection — including a bladder, urinary tract or chest infection.
Falls can cause adverse psychological impact on carees, increased fear of falling again, decreased self-efficacy, and confidence in balance .
What to Do if an Elderly Person Falls Down
The beginning stage of dementia is often identified as a gradual decline in memory that presents in losing track of time and becoming lost in familiar places.
Some experts believe that as you get older, you fart more because your metabolism slows down. The food sits longer in your digestive system, creating more gas. Also, your stomach makes less of the acid needed to digest food well. What’s more, your digestive system is made up of muscles.
Traumatic injury is a term which refers to physical injuries of sudden onset and severity which require immediate medical attention. The insult may cause systemic shock called “shock trauma”, and may require immediate resuscitation and interventions to save life and limb.
Falls are not a normal part of aging. You can keep on your feet and avoid the risk of a fall. Take steps to stay safe and independent longer.
Almost half of fall deaths involved head injuries, and 29.5% involved hip fractures. The other major contributors to fall deaths were diseases of the circulatory system (I00–I99) (47.4%) and diseases of the respiratory system (J00–J98) (17.4%).