Older people are more likely to have a fall because they may have: balance problems and muscle weakness. vision loss. a long-term health condition, such as heart disease, dementia or low blood pressure (hypotension), which can lead to dizziness and a brief loss of consciousness.
Falls can be markers of poor health and declining function, and they are often associated with significant morbidity. Risk factors for falls in the elderly include increasing age, medication use, cognitive impairment and sensory deficits.
Top 5 Causes of Falls
The major risk factors identified are impaired balance and gait, polypharmacy, and history of previous falls. Other risk factors include advancing age, female gender, visual impairments, cognitive decline especially attention and executive dysfunction, and environmental factors.
home-based professionally prescribed exercise, to promote dynamic balance, muscle strengthening and walking. group programmes based on Tai Chi-type exercises or dynamic balance and strength training as well as floor coping strategies. home visits and home modifications for older people with a history of falling.
What causes a fall?
Among older adults, Falls are the leading cause of injury deaths, unintentional injuries, and hospital admissions for trauma. Even “minor” Falls can trigger a fear of falling in older persons, leading them to limit their activity and lose their strength and independence.
This can be caused by dehydration, ageing circulation, medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and heart conditions and some medications used to treat high blood pressure. inner ear problems – such as labyrinthitis or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) problems with your heart rate or rhythm.
Common risk factors for falls
There are many factors that increase the risk of falling in older adults. These include mobility problems, balance disorders, chronic illnesses, and impaired vision. Many falls cause at least some injury. These range from mild bruising to broken bones, head injuries, and even death.
Senior care experts offer the following advice for preventing falls at home: