Associated intestinal lymphoma, esophageal carcinoma, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and splenic atrophy may be more common in the elderly. Treatment of older patients with celiac disease with a gluten-free diet may be difficult, and intensive vitamin and micronutrient replacement is mandatory.
Your dietitian may recommend:
Malabsorption is a disorder that occurs when people are unable to absorb nutrients from their diets, such as carbohydrates, fats, minerals, proteins, or vitamins. Some commonly known disorders related to malabsorption are lactose intolerance and celiac disease.
This digestive problem can lead to symptoms such as bloating and diarrhea. More importantly, malabsorption syndrome can cause serious complications, including a higher chance of infection and bone fractures.
Common symptoms include bloating, weight loss, fatigue, muscle weakness, abdominal discomfort, bad smelling stools, rashes, swollen feet and hands, and nausea and vomiting. Malabsorption refers to poor absorption of nutrients by the intestines.
When there is inadequate absorption of fats in the digestive tract, stool contains excess fat and is light-colored, soft, bulky, greasy, and unusually foul-smelling (such stool is called steatorrhea). The stool may float or stick to the side of the toilet bowl and may be difficult to flush away.
In some studies, probiotic supplements containing lactic acid bacteria and Bifidobacterium have been demonstrated effective in supporting beneficial microbes in the SI while improving barrier integrity and reducing nutrient malabsorption and SI disease-related pathology.
Hematologic tests indicated in the workup of malabsorption include the following: A complete blood cell (CBC) count may reveal microcytic anemia due to iron deficiency or macrocytic anemia due to vitamin B12 (cobalamin) or B9 (folate) malabsorption.
Having a weak gut lining, food allergies, microbiome imbalances such as bacterial overgrowth, damage to the intestines from infection, surgery, pancreatic insufficiency, autoimmune disease–all of these are possible causes that lead to poor nutrient absorption.
Vitamin E deficiency can present with hemolytic anemia in preterm infants and fat malabsorption causes deficiency and hyporeflexia. Foods high in vitamin E include sardines, green and leafy vegetables, vegetable oils, butter, liver and egg yolk.
More specific diagnostic tests (eg, upper endoscopy, colonoscopy, barium x-rays) are indicated to diagnose several causes of malabsorption. can now be used to look for diseases of the distal small intestine that are beyond the reach of a regular endoscope.
Gut health: tips to improve gut flora and absorption of nutrients from food
Upset stomach: Stomach disturbances like gas, bloating, constipation, diarrhoea, and heart burn are all signs of an unhealthy digestive system. All these cater to difficulties in digesting the food and eliminating the waste from our bodies.
7 food pairings that will increase nutrient absorption
Low stomach acid can contribute to both bacterial overgrowth (independently of carbohydrate intake) and carbohydrate malabsorption. At a pH of 3 or less (the normal pH of the stomach), most bacteria can’t survive for more than 15 minutes.