What is Elder Abuse? Elder abuse is an intentional act or failure to act that causes or creates a risk of harm to an older adult. An older adult is someone age 60 or older. The abuse occurs at the hands of a caregiver or a person the elder trusts.
California Penal Code 368 PC defines the crime of elder abuse as inflicting physical or emotional abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation upon a victim who is 65 years of age or older. The offense can be prosecuted as a misdemeanor or a felony, and is punishable by up to 4 years of jail or prison.
Elder abuse can be defined as ‘ a single, or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person’.
The National Center on Elder Abuse distinguishes between seven different types of elder abuse. These include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, financial/material exploitation, neglect, abandonment, and self-neglect.
Typically, the elderly has been defined as the chronological age of 65 or older. People from 65 to 74 years old are usually considered early elderly, while those over 75 years old are referred to as late elderly.
In order to prove you guilty of FELONY elder abuse under Penal Code section 368, the prosecutor must establish beyond a reasonable doubt the following: 1) you inflicted unjustifiable physical pain or mental suffering on an elder, or you allowed another person to do so; 2) you acted willfully or with criminal negligence
Quick Facts About Elder Abuse According to the National Council on Aging (NCOA), elders are more likely to self-report financial exploitation than emotional, physical, and sexual abuse or neglect. According to the NCEA, neglect is the most common type of elder abuse.
Any statement made to an elderly person that is meant to cause pain, fear or detriment is considered verbal mistreatment.
What Is Emotional Elder Abuse? Emotional elder abuse takes place when an older person suffers harm through insults, yelling, or verbal harassment. It is also referred to as elder psychological abuse. Emotional abuse may be one of the most common forms of elder mistreatment.
Three Types of Elder Abuse
Elder abuse can be either a misdemeanor or a felony depending on where the crime is committed and how serious it is. An example of misdemeanor elder abuse may be reckless neglect, while an example of felony elder abuse might be violence against an older adult at a nursing home.
Who are the abusers of older adults? Abusers are both women and men. In almost 60% of elder abuse and neglect incidents, the perpetrator is a family member. Two thirds of perpetrators are adult children or spouses.
Neglect is the most common form of child abuse which affects about 60% of child abuse victims. 1 Neglect is defined as a parent or guardian fails to provide for their child’s basic needs. Forms of neglect include medical, educational, physical, and emotional neglect.
How Much Sex Are They Really Having? Older adults are having more sex than you might think. Of all the sexually active older adults in the Swedish study, 25 percent reported having sex at least once a week in the group surveyed in 2000 to 2001, compared with 10 percent in the 1970s.
Middle adulthood. This time span can be referred to as “middle age” and has been defined as the time between ages about 40–45 and about 60–65. Many changes may occur between young adulthood and this stage.
Note that by these definitions, “old” in the 1920s — 55 — is now considered “middle aged” today, and “very old” in the 1920s — 65 — is now considered merely “old” today. By these measures, women today transition out of middle age around 65, a number that has increased from the late 40s in the 1920s.