Many older people are reacting to pain in their feet, joints, or back. Consider a physical therapy referral for gait and balance assessment. A physical therapist can often recommend suitable strengthening exercises, and also can help fit the older person for an assistive device (e.g. a walker) if appropriate.
Strategically placing a nightlight and senior wall mount buttons in each room of your loved one’s house, as well as all hallways, is a great place to start. You can also increase the wattage in their light bulbs, place a touch-sensitive lamp on their nightstand, and be sure all hallways have switches at both ends.
Difficulty getting up from a fall was strongly associated with a history of mobility problems, such as difficulty walking or climbing stairs. Most of the participants had access to call alarm devices, but the devices often went unused.
Falls can be classified into three types:
According to Cheng, “An 80 year old often can’t tolerate and recover from trauma like a 20 year old.” Cheng’s team found that approximately 4.5 percent of elderly patients (70 years and above) died following a ground-level fall, compared to 1.5 percent of non-elderly patients.
There are four generally accepted categories of fall protection: fall elimination, fall prevention, fall arrest and administrative controls. According to the US Department of Labor, falls account for 8% of all work-related trauma injuries leading to death.
The normal changes of aging, like poor eyesight or poor hearing, can make you more likely to fall. Illnesses and physical conditions can affect your strength and balance. Medicines for depression, sleep problems and high blood pressure often cause falls.
Answer From Jonathan Graff-Radford, M.D. The term “sundowning” refers to a state of confusion occurring in the late afternoon and spanning into the night. Sundowning can cause a variety of behaviors, such as confusion, anxiety, aggression or ignoring directions.
Measures to Prevent Nursing Home Falls
Keep moving. Physical activity can go a long way toward fall prevention. With your doctor’s OK, consider activities such as walking, water workouts or tai chi — a gentle exercise that involves slow and graceful dance-like movements.
Call 911 and keep your loved one as warm, comfortable and still as possible until help arrives. If they aren’t badly hurt and they want to get up, proceed slowly. Stop at any point if they become stuck, experience pain or become too tired to get all the way up. Find two sturdy chairs.
Seeking medical attention right away after a fall can reduce your risk of experiencing long-lasting injury, chronic pain or even death. Symptoms of a Potential Fall Injury