Devices like bed alarms can alert a caregiver if a loved one gets up in the night. Consider placing locks and latches to prevent wandering from a safe space — but be sure your relative has access to a restroom, water, and a snack.
8 ways to prevent Alzheimer’s wandering
Try some of these simple Activities that will assist in keeping your wanderers engaged.
Ask neighbors, friends and family to call if they see the person wandering, lost or dressed inappropriately. Keep a recent, close-up photo of the person on hand to give to police, should the need arise. Know the person’s neighborhood.
The person with dementia might wander as a reaction to feeling nervous in a crowded area, such as a restaurant. Searching. He or she might get lost while searching for something or someone, such as past friends.
Go for a walk around neighborhood, in a shopping centre, around home. Walking or other exercise often reduces agitation that leads to wandering, and also helps person to sleep better.
How to Keep Alzheimer’s Patients from Wandering
Emotional causes of dementia wandering Wandering is a common response to overstimulation and overwhelming situations. Fear, agitation, and confusion commonly lead to dementia wandering outdoors or in public environments. Some emotional cues that can cause wandering include: Stress or fear.
Answer From Jonathan Graff-Radford, M.D. The term “sundowning” refers to a state of confusion occurring in the late afternoon and spanning into the night. Sundowning can cause a variety of behaviors, such as confusion, anxiety, aggression or ignoring directions.
6 nonverbal dementia communication techniques
Inactivity /boredom – lack of activity may lead the person to wander around looking for something to do. Loneliness – wandering may be a substitute for social interaction. Staff giving extra attention to ‘disruptive’ behaviour. Loss of personal possessions and mementos.
Potential reasons why a client may wander include: Disorientation due to a new environment (e.g. entering an aged care facility) Wanting to escape from a noisy, busy or uncomfortable environment. Short-term memory loss (e.g. going to the shops and forgetting where they are going and why along the way)
Mood and behavior changes—including aggressiveness, difficulty sleeping, depression, paranoia, repeating actions or words, hoarding, wandering, and incontinence—may be seen. This moderate stage of dementia, on average, lasts between 2 and 10 years.
During the middle stages, people may experience depression, anxiety, irritability and repetitive behaviors. As the disease progresses, other changes may occur, including sleep changes, physical and verbal outbursts, and wandering.
Late stage Alzheimer’s sufferers become unable to function and eventually lose control of movement. They need 24-hour care and supervision. They are unable to communicate, even to share that they are in pain, and are more vulnerable to infections, especially pneumonia.