As we get older our bodies have different needs, so certain nutrients become especially important for good health.
Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and is essential to keeping bones strong and warding off osteoporosis as we age. Despite vitamin D’s importance, it’s one of the most common vitamin deficiencies – as many as three-quarters of America’s seniors may not be getting enough of it.
According to a 2013 poll, 68 percent of Americans aged 65 and older take vitamin supplements. While vitamins can be beneficial, there’s scant evidence they can actually prevent chronic disease — to the point that the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) doesn’t recommend the regular use of any multivitamins.
You May Need More Vitamin B12 Unfortunately, studies estimate that 10–30% of people over age 50 have a reduced ability to absorb vitamin B12 from their diet. Over time, this could cause a vitamin B12 deficiency (28).
Common vitamin deficiencies among aging adults include: Calcium —important for bone density and strength, calcium is found in dark leafy greens and dairy products, as well as calcium-specific supplements. Calcium deficiency can lead to decreased bone density, lowered mobility, and falls.
Vitamin B12 deficiency is common among the elderly. Elderly people are particularly at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency because of the high prevalence of atrophic gastritis-associated food-cobalamin (vitamin B12) malabsorption, and the increasing prevalence of pernicious anaemia with advancing age.
A: Centrum Silver Adults has been specifically formulated to help meet the nutritional needs of adults 50 years of age and over.
Multivitamin Other formulations include lycopene, lutein, and probiotics. Some of the best multivitamins include One-A-Day vitamins for people more than 65 years old and Centrum Silver for adults over the age of 50.
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics says older adults should pay special attention to their intake of calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B-12, potassium, and fiber. Fortified milk and yogurt can boost calcium and vitamin D.
Vitamin B12 B12 is important for creating red blood cells and DNA, and for maintaining healthy nerve function. “Getting enough B12 is a challenge for older people because they can’t absorb it from food as well as younger people,” says Tucker. “Even if your diet contains enough, you may be falling short.”
Eat a wide variety of foods from the five food groups: plenty of colourful vegetables, legumes/beans; fruit; grain (cereal) foods, mostly wholegrain and high fibre varieties; lean meats and poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds; milk, yoghurt, cheese or their alternatives, mostly reduced fat.
Depression is the most common cause of pathological anorexia, both in older community dwellers and in nursing home residents.
Vitamin B-12 deficiency can be especially common in older women, although women of any age can experience it. Symptoms include: anemia.
Vitamin B12 deficiency is very common, especially in vegetarians, vegans, and older adults. The most common symptoms include blood disorders, impaired brain function, and elevated homocysteine levels.