Injuries Caused by Slipping and Falling Fractures are the most frequent major injury caused by falls in older people, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Falls, osteoporosis, and other characteristics that enhance susceptibility to injury are all factors that contribute to hip, wrist, humerus, and pelvic fractures in this age range, to name a few examples.
A vertebral fracture caused by compression or trauma is the most prevalent type of fracture in older persons, followed by hip fractures and distal radius fractures.
|Fracture||Incidence (per 10,000 patient years)|
|Non hip, non vertebral, low trauma‡||154||78|
As a result of their decreased bone strength, people suffering from osteoporosis are at an increased risk for fractures caused by falls. There are, however, a number of osteoporosis-related conditions that, because of their influence on the chance of falling, may serve to increase the risk of fractures even more. One such cause is apprehension of falling.
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects both men and women of all ethnicities. White and Asian women, particularly older women who have passed menopause, are at the greatest risk, though. Treatments such as medication, a good diet, and weight-bearing exercise can all assist to prevent bone loss or strengthen bones that are already weak.
A community-based study discovered that vitamin D administered once every four months reduced the overall risk of fracture by 39 percent. In another study, 800 IU of vitamin D administered over a 12-week period to elderly people (mean age 85) increased muscle strength and reduced the number of falls by nearly half.
Six of the most common injuries suffered by senior citizens
Fractures are the most devastating outcome of falls in the elderly population (short of death). A fall’s most likely bones to break are the hip, femur (thigh bone), pelvis, and vertebrae (spine); nevertheless, any bone can break.
Exercises that include just little weight-bearing, such as walking or ascending stairs, can help to reduce the loss of bone caused by osteoporosis. Make an appointment to have your eyes and hearing checked. Even little changes in your vision or hearing might lead you to trip and fall.
Osteoporosis is characterized by bone loss that is slowed by mild weight-bearing exercises such as walking or climbing stairs. Test your vision and hearing to ensure they are in working order. Falling can be caused by even minor alterations in vision and hearing.
Preventing Falls is important. The condition osteoporosis weakens bones, making them less robust and more prone to fracturing, and falls are a primary cause of fracture in persons with the disease. As a result, even a little fall can result in injury, with the hip, wrist, and spine being the most usually affected, however any bone might be shattered.
The following factors will enhance the likelihood of getting osteoporosis: female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and tiny body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis are all associated with an increased risk. (Having a mother who has had an osteoporotic hip fracture increases your chance of having a hip fracture by double.)
Estrogen is a hormone that aids in the formation and regeneration of bones. After menopause, a woman’s estrogen levels begin to decline, and bone loss accelerates. It’s for this reason that osteoporosis is more prevalent among elderly women.
As children get older, they require more calcium to maintain their developing bones. Children between the ages of one and three years require 700 mg of calcium per day (2–3 servings). Kids between the ages of 4 and 8 require 1,000 mg of calcium per day (2–3 servings). Kids and teenagers between the ages of 9 and 18 require 1,300 mg of calcium each day (4 servings).
The majority of falls occur at home, yet making a few simple modifications can lower your chances of falling by 61 percent.
In elderly persons, the majority of fractures are caused by a combination of weak bones (such as those resulting from osteoporosis) and a fall. As you grow older, your bones become weaker as a result of natural changes in bone tissue. The decrease in the female hormone estrogen that occurs after menopause causes your bones to become thinner as well.
Pubic rami fractures in the elderly are frequently the consequence of a low-energy trauma, such as a fall from a standing position, or a fall from a seated position. They are the most common kind of pelvic fracture, accounting for approximately 80% of all cases.
Individuals suffering from osteoporosis are at an increased risk of falling because of muscular weakness, spine kyphosis, or a lack of postural control (5, 6). Low bone density caused by osteoporosis is a major contributing factor to the ease with which people fall and sustain fractures (7).
Due to muscular weakness, spine kyphosis, or reduced postural control in people with osteoporosis, they are at greater risk of falling (5, 6). Falls are more likely to result in fractures when bone density is low, as is the case with osteoporosis (7).
Individuals suffering from osteoporosis are at an increased risk of falling, owing to muscular weakness, spinal kyphosis, or a lack of postural awareness (5, 6). Low bone density caused by osteoporosis is one of the primary reasons that falls result in fractures (7).
Individuals suffering from osteoporosis are at an increased risk of falling due to muscular weakness, spinal kyphosis, or a lack of postural control (5, 6). Low bone density caused by osteoporosis is a major contributing factor to the occurrence of fractures following falls (7).