The Older Americans Act of 2006 defines elder financial abuse , or financial exploitation , as “the fraudulent or otherwise illegal, unauthorized, or improper act or process of an individual, including a caregiver or fiduciary, that uses the resources of an older individual for monetary or personal benefit, profit, or
What are the signs of elder abuse ? Bruises, cuts, abrasions, burns, and other physical signs of trauma. Confusion or depression, or sudden social withdrawal. Senior’s finances suddenly changing for the worse. Bedsores, poor hygiene, and weight loss. Unexpected negative reaction to physical contact.
What happens after I report my suspicions? The APS agency screens calls for potential seriousness, and it keeps the information confidential. If APS decides the situation may violate state elder abuse laws, it assigns a caseworker to conduct an investigation (in cases of an emergency, usually within 24 hours).
Call 1800 628 221. Any- one can make the call. “We all have the right to live free from abuse of any kind. Our age or circumstances should have no bearing or effect on this basic right.”
The most common complaints of elder abuse in nursing facilities are the failure to meet the elder’s basic needs, including nutritional needs, medical needs, or mobility assistance.
However if the victim so chooses, and criminal charges are filed, financial elder abuse can lead to misdemeanor and felony charges. Misdemeanor convictions can lead to up to a year in jail , and a $1,000 fine. Felony convictions can result in up to four years in jail and fines up to $10,000.
These include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, financial/material exploitation, neglect , abandonment, and self-neglect . Physical abuse. Use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment.
Who are the abusers of older adults? Abusers are both women and men. In almost 60% of elder abuse and neglect incidents, the perpetrator is a family member. Two thirds of perpetrators are adult children or spouses.
Ensure that your actions are respectful of the older person’s rights and wishes. Contact emergency services if there is an immediate risk of harm (see Safety in emergencies) Gather information by asking questions sensitively (see What questions should I ask?)
How does APS investigate ? An APS investigator makes an unannounced home visit. They will interview you , the alleged vulnerable adult, the person who made the allegation, and other witnesses. They may take photos and review records, including bank and other financial documents.
County APS agencies investigate reports of abuse of elders and dependent adults who live in private homes, apartments, hotels or hospitals.
Types of Emotional Abuse against the Elderly Scapegoating the victim. Engaging in demeaning behavior toward the elder . Humiliating the victim. Ridiculing the victim.
Passive neglect – the failure by a caregiver to provide a person with the necessities of life including, but not limited to, food, clothing, shelter, or medical care, because of failure to understand the person’s needs, lack of awareness of services to help meet needs, or lack of capacity to care for the person.
Here are some steps to consider taking : Talk to the older person . Gather more information or evidence as to what is occurring. Contact the older person’s financial institution. Contact your local Adult Protective Services (APS) office. Contact law enforcement.