Gait and balance disorders are common in older adults and are a major cause of falls in this population. They are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as reduced level of function. Common causes include arthritis and orthostatic hypotension; however, most gait and balance disorders involve multiple contributing factors.Author:
Brooke SalzmanCited by:
Medications Can Cause Balance Problems Antidepressants . Anti-seizure drugs (anticonvulsants) Hypertensive (high blood pressure) drugs. Sedatives. Tranquilizers. Anxiolytics (anti-anxiety drugs) Antihistamines prescribed to relieve allergy symptoms. Aminoglycosides (a type of antibiotic)
Losing your balance while walking , or feeling imbalanced, can result from: Vestibular problems . Abnormalities in your inner ear can cause a sensation of a floating or heavy head and unsteadiness in the dark. Nerve damage to your legs (peripheral neuropathy).
Causes of Balance Disorders decreased blood flow to the brain due to stroke or a chronic condition such as aging. traumatic brain injury. multiple sclerosis. hydrocephalus. seizures. Parkinson’s disease . cerebellar diseases. acoustic neuromas and other brain tumors.
Low Vitamin B12 Levels Can Cause Dizziness Deficiencies in this essential vitamin may lead to a number of neurological problems , including feeling off- balance , and having low blood pressure and decreased blood flow to your brain, says Whitman.
Your treatment may include: Balance retraining exercises (vestibular rehabilitation). Therapists trained in balance problems design a customized program of balance retraining and exercises. Positioning procedures. Diet and lifestyle changes. Medications. Surgery.
Vitamin D may improve muscle strength and function, as well as balance due to the improved strength.
Walking helps build lower-body strength, an important element of good balance . Walking is safe exercise for most people and, in addition to improving balance , counts toward your aerobic activity goals.
Most balance disorders last for a few days to a few months. Generally, balance disorders last for a couple of days and the patient recovers slowly over 1 to 3 weeks. However, some patients may experience symptoms that can last for several months.
Or, stand up from a seated position without using your hands. Or try walking in a line, heel to toe, for a short distance. You can also try tai chi — a form of movement training that may improve balance and stability and reduce the incidence of falls.
These exercises can help you or a loved one to regain and maintain their balance : Standing on One Leg. Stand and raise one leg with your knee bent at a 45-degree angle. Walking Heel-to-Toe. Side Stepping. Unassisted Standing. Tai Chi. Pump Your Ankles When You Get Out of Bed.
Summary: Anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency can cause some people to feel breathless and dizzy. This occurs when the body is unable to transport enough oxygen to all its cells.
Most adults don’t think about their balance until they fall. The fact is, balance declines begin somewhere between 40 to 50 years of age . The National Institute of Health reports that one in three people over 65 will experience a fall each year.
Not having enough B12 can lead to anemia, which means your body does not have enough red blood cells to do the job. This can make you feel weak and tired. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause damage to your nerves and can affect memory and thinking.
To increase the amount of vitamin B12 in your diet, eat more of foods that contain it, such as: Beef, liver, and chicken. Fish and shellfish such as trout, salmon, tuna fish, and clams. Fortified breakfast cereal. Low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese. Eggs.