As with all types of surgery , there are risks associated with having a carotid endarterectomy . The 2 main risks are: stroke – the risk of stroke is around 2%, although this may be higher in people who have had a stroke before the operation.
How well do carotid artery procedures work? A carotid procedure may lower the risk of stroke from about 2% per year to 1% per year. It might take up to 5 years to get this decrease in stroke risk. Overall, endarterectomy and stenting seem to work about equally well to help prevent stroke.
After surgery , most people can return to normal activities within three to four weeks. Although, many get back to their daily routines as soon as they feel up to it. During the first few weeks of your recovery, some key things to keep in mind include: You may have some soreness in your neck for about two weeks.
Postoperative complications of CEA, including myocardial infarction ; perioperative stroke ; postoperative bleeding ; and the potential consequences of cervical hematoma , nerve injury, infection, and carotid restenosis, which may require repeat carotid intervention, are reviewed here.
To perform carotid endarterectomy , your surgeon numbs the side of the neck with a local anesthetic. You are also given medication to help you relax. Carotid endarterectomy is performed with local anesthesia, so you are awake during the procedure .
Patients usually stay in the hospital for 1 to 2 days after the surgery to allow time for recovery and time for the physician to monitor progress. You will be discharged with information about which activities you may need to limit and for how long , such as driving or physical activities.
The procedure A carotid endarterectomy usually takes 1 to 2 hours to perform.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that you can unclog the arteries with vinegar . Some people even use apple cider vinegar for peripheral artery disease, a common complication of atherosclerosis. Unfortunately, no single food can prevent or cure these disorders. It’s your overall diet that matters.
If the artery is 100 percent blocked What happens when a carotid artery is 100 percent blocked ? It’s bad, but it’s not the end of the world. You ‘ve still got three other arteries supplying blood flow to the brain.
That’s more than wide enough to bring the brain all the blood it needs. Narrowing, or stenosis, of the carotid is considered mild when it reduces the width of the artery by less than 50 %; narrowing of 50 % to 69% is considered moderate, while 70% to 99% is considered severe carotid stenosis.
The surgery has serious risks. CEA can have serious complications, including stroke, heart attack, and death. You are more likely to have complications if you are age 75 or older or if you have a serious medical condition, such as: Diabetes. Severe heart or lung disease.
You may have a sore throat for a few days. You can expect the cut (incision) in your neck to be sore for about a week. The area around the incision may also be swollen and bruised at first. The area in front of the incision may be numb.
The most common way to do that is with a surgery called “ carotid endarterectomy.” It’s performed by making an incision along the front of the neck, opening the carotid artery and removing the plaque .
Surgery is best for most patients with symptoms: Carotid endarterectomy should be strongly considered for symptomatic patients with 70 to 99 percent blockage in the carotid artery. It also should be considered for those with 50 to 69 percent stenosis.
These symptoms include: sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arms, or legs (usually on one side of the body) trouble speaking (garbled speech) or understanding. sudden vision problems in one or both eyes . dizziness . sudden, severe headache . drooping on one side of your face.