When treating hypertension in patients over the age of 85 years, the usual target blood pressure is 150/80 mmHg for reduction of the risk of stroke, heart attack , and other cardiovascular events.
High blood pressure is very common in older people . As we age, our vascular system changes. Arteries get stiffer, so blood pressure goes up. This is true even for people who have heart-healthy habits.
They’re both measured in millimetres of mercury ( mmHg ). As a general guide: high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher (or 150/90mmHg or higher if you’re over the age of 80) ideal blood pressure is usually considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.
What is normal blood pressure according to age?
Normal pressure is 120/80 or lower. Your blood pressure is considered high (stage 1) if it reads 140/90. Stage 2 high blood pressure is 160/ 100 or higher. If you get a blood pressure reading of 180/110 or higher more than once, seek medical treatment right away.
The researchers concluded that, for adults aged 80 years or older, intensively controlling systolic blood pressure to less than 120 mmHg lowers the risk of heart attacks, stroke, death, and mild cognitive impairment, but increases the risk of declines in kidney function.
Aside from high blood pressure , obesity is linked to many other health issues such as high cholesterol, heart disease and stroke, all of which have links to high blood pressure . Diabetes is often linked to obesity and is also a contributor to the development of high blood pressure in elderly people .
A hypertensive crisis is a severe increase in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke. Extremely high blood pressure — a top number (systolic pressure) of 180 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher or a bottom number (diastolic pressure) of 120 mm Hg or higher — can damage blood vessels.
If your blood pressure is 200 /110, it’s too high . If you have blood pressure that high and are experiencing chest pain, a headache, shortness of breath or blood in the urine, take an ambulance to the ER immediately. You are experiencing a hypertensive crisis!
In severe cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening. A blood pressure reading lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic) is generally considered low blood pressure .
Call a doctor if : Your blood pressure is 140/ 90 or higher on two or more occasions. Your blood pressure is usually normal and well controlled, but it goes above the normal range on more than one occasion. Your blood pressure is lower than usual and you are dizzy or light-headed.
The new guidelines change nothing if you’re younger than 60. But if you’re 60 or older, the target has moved up: Your goal is to keep your blood pressure at 150/90 or lower. If you have kidney disease or diabetes , your target used to be 130/80 or lower; now it’s 140/90 or lower.
Here are some simple recommendations: Exercise most days of the week. Exercise is the most effective way to lower your blood pressure . Consume a low-sodium diet. Too much sodium (or salt) causes blood pressure to rise. Limit alcohol intake to no more than 1 to 2 drinks per day. Make stress reduction a priority.
However, most studies show a greater risk of stroke and heart disease related to higher systolic pressures compared with elevated diastolic pressures. That’s especially true in people ages 50 and older, which is why doctors tend to monitor the top number more closely.
Caffeine can cause a short, but dramatic increase in your blood pressure , even if you don’t have high blood pressure . It’s unclear what causes this spike in blood pressure . Some researchers believe that caffeine could block a hormone that helps keep your arteries widened.