What to expect tiredness or weakness. pain when urinating. difficulty urinating or inability to urinate. pain in the lower back on one side of the body. weight loss. swollen feet. bone pain .
The 5-year survival rate of people with bladder cancer that has not spread beyond the inner layer of the bladder wall is 96%. More than half of people are diagnosed with this stage. If the tumor is invasive but has not yet spread outside the bladder , the 5-year survival rate is 70%.
High grade bladder cancer is likely to grow and spread quickly and become life threatening. High-grade cancers often need to be treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Low-grade cancers appear non-aggressive and have a low chance of becoming high grade.
Bladder cancer can spread this way. If it does, it usually first spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis, surrounding the bladder (called perivesicular lymph nodes ). From there, it can spread to lymph nodes that are close to major blood vessels that run into the leg and pelvis.
The 5-year survival rate is the rate of surviving for 5 years after a cancer diagnosis. For bladder cancer, if the cancer has spread to the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 36.3 percent. If it has spread to a more distant site, the 5-year survival rate is 4.6 percent.
For most people, the first symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine , also called hematuria. Sometimes the blood is visible, prompting the patient to visit a doctor.
Early-stage bladder cancer doesn’t usually cause pain or other symptoms besides bleeding. But blood in the urine doesn’t always mean there is a tumor in the bladder . It’s more likely to be caused by a less serious condition, such as an infection. Changes in urination may be another early sign of bladder cancer .
Even after reporting the problem to their doctors, blood in the urine may be initially misdiagnosed as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or as a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.
Bladder cancer is usually treatable when caught at an early stage but more challenging to address when found later. Recurrence also poses a risk, even with early -stage tumors , so regular surveillance is essential following treatment or surgery.
Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing uncontrollably in the lining of the bladder , which is the hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine . These cancerous cells begin to affect the normal function of the bladder and can spread to surrounding organs.
Pain or burning during urination. Feeling as if you need to go right away, even when your bladder isn’t full. Having trouble urinating or having a weak urine stream. Having to get up to urinate many times during the night.
This is always a high-grade cancer (see “Grades,” below) and is considered an aggressive disease because it can often lead to muscle-invasive disease. Stage I: The cancer has grown through the inner lining of the bladder and into the lamina propria.
Tests to diagnose bladder cancer If bladder cancer is suspected, these tests may be performed to diagnose the disease: Physical exam. Blood test : Blood samples are used to measure certain substances released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body.
What are the symptoms of bladder cancer? blood in the urine . painful urination. frequent urination. urgent urination. urinary incontinence. pain in the abdominal area. pain in the lower back.
Muscle invasive bladder cancer is a serious and more advanced stage of bladder cancer . MIBC is when the cancer has grown far into the wall of the bladder (Stages T2 and beyond). For patients with MIBC, the overall prognosis (how the disease may progress) has not changed in the last 30 years.