1. About 30% of EMS runs involve persons over age 65.
People age 65 and older represented 16% of the population in the year 2018 but are expected to grow to be 21.6% of the population by 2040. The 85 and older population is projected to more than double from 6.5 million in 2018 to 14.4 million in 2040 (a 123% increase).
Digoxin is eliminated by the kidneys and toxicity typically occurs in patients who develop declining renal function due to age or other factors. Older patients have decreased renal reserve and often take medications such as ACE inhibitors, NSAIDs, or diuretics, which may adversely alter renal function.
D. depression. Why must the paramedic always keep a high index of suspicion whenever trying to gather the chief complaint and medical history from an elderly person who lives alone? The elderly may underreport problems.
Medication nonadherence is widespread among seniors. According to the Department of Health and Human Services: Fifty-five percent of the elderly are non-compliant with their prescription drug orders, meaning they don’t take their medication according to the doctor’s instructions.
Digitalis medicines control irregular heart rhythms (called arrhythmias) by slowing the signals that start in the sinoatrial (SA) node. This, in turn, reduces the number of signals that travel through the atrioventricular (AV node).
Rapid Trauma Assessment is a quick method (usually 60 to 90 seconds), most commonly used by Emergency Medical Services (EMS), to identify hidden and obvious injuries in a trauma victim. The goal is to identify and treat immediate threats to life that may not have been obvious during an initial assessment.
EMS protocols are the recognized operating procedures that all emergency medical service professionals, such as paramedics and emergency medical technicians (EMTs) must follow for patient assessment, treatment, transportation and delivery to definitive care.
National EMT prehospital training standards require providers to obtain a baseline set of vital signs as part of the initial assessment, and subsequent sets of vital signs as part of patient reassessment– every 15 minutes in stable patients and every five minutes in unstable patients.
Because of increases in life expectancy at older ages, people 90 and older now comprise 4.7 percent of the older population (age 65 and older), as compared with only 2.8 percent in 1980. By 2050, this share is likely to reach 10 percent.
The U.S. population is aging. Today, there are more than 46 million older adults age 65 and older living in the U.S.; by 2050, that number is expected to grow to almost 90 million. This means by 2030, 1 in 5 Americans is projected to be 65 years old and over.
In the US, about 28% (14.7 million) of community-dwelling older adults live alone, which is 21% of older men and 34% of older women. The percentage of people living alone increases with age (ie, among women ≥ 75 years, about 44% live alone).