Indeed, anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder, likely due to these medical complications . Table 1.
|Cardiovascular||Endocrine and Metabolic|
|Mitral valve prolapse||Infertility|
|Sudden death – arrhythmia||Osteoporosis|
|Refeeding syndrome||Thyroid Abnormalities|
The mortality rate associated with anorexia nervosa is 12 times higher than the death rate of ALL causes of death for females 15-24 years old. Without treatment, up to 20% of people with serious eating disorders die. With treatment, the mortality rate falls to 2-3%.
How long do eating disorders last? Research carried out in Australia suggests that the average duration of anorexia is eight years and five years for bulimia. However, these illnesses can also become severe and enduring, lasting for many years and having a hugely debilitating effect on the sufferers and their families.
A patient with anorexia may be eating very little, but the intestinal lining is sloughed off and replaced about every three days. This sloughed tissue creates fecal material, and stool continues to form even if oral intake is very low.
Anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any mental illness Cardiac complications (ranging from irregular heart rhythms to heart failure ) Heart , kidney and liver failure. Bone loss/ osteoporosis . Anemia . Electrolyte imbalances. Low blood sugar. Constipation, bloating and other gastrointestinal issues.
Although there are no lab tests to specifically diagnose anorexia , the doctor might use various diagnostic tests , such as blood tests , to rule out physical illness as the cause of the weight loss, as well as to evaluate the effects of the weight loss on the body’s organs.
The findings show anorexia to be the most deadly psychiatric diagnosis . The anorexia mortality rate of 5.86 is dramatically higher than: Schizophrenia, which increases death risk 2.8-fold in males and 2.5-fold in females. Bipolar disorder , which increases death risk 1.9-fold in males and 2.1-fold in females.
Those struggling with anorexia frequently fear gaining weight and have a distorted body image. They often believe they appear much heavier than they are. Additionally, women and men who suffer from this eating disorder exemplify a fixation with a thin figure and abnormal eating patterns.
People struggling with anorexia more frequently deal with constipation because of inadequate food and fluid intake that can cause decreased gastric motility (ability to move freely). This means that the intestines struggle to properly push food through the digestive system and produce a bowel movement.
Introduction In clinical practice, insomnia is a common feature in anorexia nervosa (AN). Sleep self-reports in AN suggest that these patients report poor sleep quality and reduced total sleep time. Weight loss, starvation and malnutrition can all affect sleep .
It is caused by hormonal changes brought on by starvation or by purging and is seen in both restricting and binge-purge subtype. Edema can also be seen as patients with anorexia begin to weight restore (refeeding edema). This is very distressing to patients given their distorted body image and focus on shape and size.