Most older adults with schizophrenia who reside in the community have persistent, but generally not progressive, cognitive deficits. Low education levels, poor premorbid function, and more severe positive symptoms at baseline are associated with worse cognitive functioning at all ages.
There are actually several different types of schizophrenia depending on the person’s symptoms, but generally, the main types of schizophrenia include paranoid schizophrenia , catatonic schizophrenia , disorganized or hebephrenic schizophrenia, residual schizophrenia, and undifferentiated schizophrenia.
Medical disorders may predispose elderly patients to develop psychotic symptoms . Common disorders including thyroid disease, diabetes, vitamin B12 and folate deficiency, sodium-potassium imbalance, sleep deprivation, and dehydration, as well as chronic illnesses have been associated with psychosis in the elderly .
Although schizophrenia can occur at any age, the average age of onset tends to be in the late teens to the early 20s for men, and the late 20s to early 30s for women. It is uncommon for schizophrenia to be diagnosed in a person younger than 12 or older than 40 .
Onset after age 65 usually signifies very-lateonset schizophrenia -like psychosis , which is typically secondary to general medical conditions, such as dementia or other neurodegenerative disorders. Women are more likely to have late-onset schizophrenia than men.
Left untreated , schizophrenia can result in severe problems that affect every area of life. Complications that schizophrenia may cause or be associated with include: Suicide, suicide attempts and thoughts of suicide. Anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
6 Celebrities with Schizophrenia Lionel Aldridge. Lionel Aldridge is perhaps best known for his role in helping the Green Bay Packers win two Super Bowl championships in the 1960s. Zelda Fitzgerald. Zelda Fitzgerald was most famous for being married to American modernist writer F. Peter Green. Darrell Hammond. John Nash . Skip Spence.
While no cure exists for schizophrenia , it is treatable and manageable with medication and behavioral therapy, especially if diagnosed early and treated continuously.
Research has shown that heredity or genetics can be an important contributing factor for the development of schizophrenia . Although the exact cause of this complex disorder is unknown, people who have relatives with schizophrenia tend to have a higher risk for developing it.
Delusions are extremely common in dementia, especially delusions of theft, spousal infidelity, abandonment, and persecution. Hallucinations (especially visual hallucinations) are also common, especially in Lewy-Body dementia.
Doctors will likely try and rule out a psychiatric disorder first, such as bipolar, schizophrenia, or depression – which can all lead to hallucinations . Other common causes of hallucinations may include: Sleep deprivation. Dehydration.
Ways to cope with someone who has delusions Pay attention to the emotions of the person. Discuss the way you see the delusion . Express that you are concerned about the person. Offer to pursue therapy together but be strategic. Ask the person why they believe as they do and be open-minded. 4 дня назад
Most commonly though, people diagnosed with schizophrenia will hear multiple voices that are male, nasty, repetitive, commanding, and interactive, where the person can ask the voice a question and get some kind of answer.”
A diagnosis of schizophrenia is not a life-sentence of ever-worsening symptoms and recurring hospitalizations. With the right treatment and self-help, many people with schizophrenia are able to regain normal functioning and even become symptom-free.
Try not to let your own discomfort, hesitations or anxieties (about what to do and what to say ) come into the picture, as this might make it harder for the person to relate to the conversation. Remember, a person with schizophrenia may not emote; this does not mean that they aren’t experiencing intense feelings.